It is said that Odin hung himself on the world tree called Yggdrasil, the world-tree at the center of the Germanic cosmos whose branches and roots hold the Nine Worlds. Below the world-tree is the Well of Urd, containing the entirety of the past within its depths, a source of incredible wisdom.

The runes themselves seem to have their native dwelling-place in its waters.

-Havamal Poem-

I know that I hung
On the wind-blasted tree
All of nights nine,
Pierced by my spear
And given to Odin,
Myself sacrificed to myself
On that pole
Of which none know
Where its roots run.

No aid I received,
Not even a sip from the horn.
Peering down,
I took up the runes -
Screaming I grasped them -
Then I fell back from there.


Name: Fehu, “cattle.” Phoneme: F. Meaning: wealth.


Name: Uruz, “aurochs.” Phoneme: U (long and/or short). Meaning: strength of will.


Name: Thurisaz, “Giant.” Phoneme: Th (both soft and hard). Meaning: danger, suffering.


Name: Ansuz, “an Aesir god.” Phoneme: A (long and/or short). Meaning: prosperity, vitality.


Name: Raidho, “journey on horseback.” Phoneme: R. Meaning: movement, work, growth.


Name: Kaunan, “ulcer.” Phoneme: K. Meaning: mortality, pain.


Name: Gebo, “gift.” Phoneme: G. Meaning: generosity.


Name: Wunjo, “joy.” Phoneme: W. Meaning: joy, ecstasy.


Name:Hagalaz, “hail.” Phoneme: H. Meaning: destruction, chaos.


Name: Naudhiz, “need.” Phoneme: N. Meaning: need, unfulfilled desire.


Name: Isaz, “ice.” Phoneme: I (long and/or short). Meaning: unknown

(the rune poems are ambiguous and contradictory).


Name: Jera, “year.” Phoneme: Germanic J, modern English Y. Meaning: harvest, reward.


Name: Eihwaz, “yew.” Phoneme: I pronounced like “Eye.” Meaning: strength, stability.


Name: unknown. Phoneme: P. Meaning: unknown.


Name: unknown (the rune poems are contradictory). Phoneme: Z.

Meaning: protection from enemies, defense of that which one loves.


Name: Sowilo, “sun.” Phoneme: S. Meaning: success, solace.


Name: Tiwaz, “the god Tiwaz.” Phoneme: T. Meaning: victory, honor.


Name: Berkanan, “birch.” Phoneme: B. Meaning: fertility, growth, sustenance.


Name: Ehwaz, “horse.” Phoneme: E (long and/or short).

Meaning: trust, faith, companionship.


Name: Mannaz, “man.” Phoneme: M. Meaning: augmentation, support.


Name: Laguz. Phoneme: L. Meaning: formlessness, chaos, potentiality, the unknown.


Name: Ingwaz, “the god Ingwaz.” Phoneme: Ng.

Meaning: fertilization, the beginning of something, the actualization of potential.


Name: Othalan, “inheritance.” Phoneme: O (long and/or short).

Meaning: inheritance, heritage, tradition, nobility.


Name: Dagaz, “day.” Phoneme: D. Meaning: hope, happiness.

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